Diet – Those with PAD likely have high cholesterol. The best diet is one that will lower cholesterol levels. To do so, eat a balanced diet with fiber, low in cholesterol, low in trans and saturated fats, low in sodium, low in added and refined sugars, and high in essential vitamins.
Foods to include are vegetables, fruit, whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, lean meat, fish, olive oil, and avocado oil. In addition, ensure you have plenty of naturally occurring vitamins B, C, D, E, Omega-3 fatty acids, fiber, potassium, magnesium, chromium, and calcium in your diet. You may also choose to take those vitamin supplements for peripheral artery disease management.
Healthy weight – Obesity contributes to plaque formation, inflammation, and high blood pressure. Talk to your doctor to see what your healthy weight should be and the best way to lose it.
BMIs are a good ballpark indicator, but sex, age, ethnicity, and muscle mass can affect your target weight. The BMI chart does account for muscle mass (which weighs more than fat) or bone mass. Your doctor may use a waist-to-height ratio to determine how much weight to lose or maintain.
Avoid certain medications – Avoid OTC medications that constrict blood vessels, like pseudoephedrine. These medications can make PAD worse.
Prioritize mental well-being – Severe pain and PAD symptoms can be challenging to deal with daily. It may even make you feel isolated due to limited mobility. Therefore, if you feel depressed or anxious, take proper measures to manage your mental health immediately.
Care for your feet – People with PAD often have injuries and sores on their feet and lower legs, especially those with diabetes. Sores may not heal due to poor blood flow, increasing infection risk.
To prevent foot injury and infection: