Risk Factors For Developing Peripheral Artery Disease
Type 2 diabetes can cause blood vessel damage since excess blood sugar affects the elasticity of blood vessels and causes them to narrow. Furthermore, those with diabetes likely also have hypertension and high cholesterol and are obese. All of these conditions increase risk factors for PAD.
Smoking and tobacco use increases the risk of heart disease by up to 4 times higher. In addition, smoking damages your blood vessels and makes them sticky, which increases the risk of blood clots.
Those over 65 have a higher risk of developing peripheral artery disease, and those over 50 with risk factors for atherosclerosis also have a higher risk.
A body mass index over 30 strains blood vessels and arteries. One of the first measures of treatment includes reducing weight through exercise and a healthy diet.
Those with a family history of atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, and peripheral artery disease are at a higher risk of developing it themselves.
A sedentary lifestyle, poor nutrition, and smoking all contribute to a higher risk of atherosclerosis and peripheral artery disease. Since these are all controllable, you can decrease your risk by making lifestyle adjustments.
As mentioned earlier, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes all increase the risk of narrowing arteries. Another measure of treatment tackles these existing conditions to improve PAD.