What is Venous Disease?
Veins are thin, flexible tubes with valves that pump blood toward your heart for oxygen. Then, arteries pump oxygenated blood from the heart to body tissue. This blood flow cycle is called the circulatory system, and it is vital to deliver oxygen and nutrients throughout the body.
If a vein wall is damaged, or if the valves that move blood become weak, then blood can flow backward and pool in the veins. The build-up of blood can cause veins to swell, twist, stretch, and create more damage. Damaged veins can slow blood flow and lead to blood clot formation. Untreated, this condition causes disorders known as venous disease.
Identification And Management
Venous disease can be as harmless as varicose veins or pose more life-threatening problems, like a stroke or heart attack. Roughly 2 million cases are diagnosed annually in the United States, and nearly 600,000 Americans are diagnosed with pulmonary embolism (PE) in which clot travels from its point of origin to the lungs.
Venous disease is a common cause of chronic pain and swelling of an extremity. The problems are caused by many different disorders, but the most common involve a condition called Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI), is another possible cause. This condition involves increased pressure in the veins due to poorly functioning valves.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot which forms in the venous system. This is a dangerous condition which often strikes people when they’re most vulnerable.